Living and managing:

  • Keep moving
  • Massage daily
  • Apply hot packs when necessary
  • Stretch and exercise daily
  • Do not sleep on the affected shoulder
  • Avoid hanging arms while walking and standing

This article has been authored by Dr. Ridwana Sanam in her personal capacity. The views and opinions expressed in this article are the author's own and do not reflect the views of GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Please note that no part of this website content is intended as medical advice. Kindly visit your doctor for diagnosis and medical advice for your knee problems/pain.


     1. Textbook of Orthopedics by J Maheshwari
     2. Therapeutics Exercise- Foundations and techniques by Carolyn Kisner and Lynn Allen Colby
     3. Muscle testing and Function with posture and Pain by Florence Peterson Kendall


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